Health and Wellness Blog - Apollo eDoc http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in Tue, 16 Aug 2016 05:17:27 +0000 en hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=4.3.5 Precision Oncology – A Revolutionary Approach To Cancer Care http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/cancer-care/precision-oncology-a-revolutionary-approach-to-cancer-care/ http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/cancer-care/precision-oncology-a-revolutionary-approach-to-cancer-care/#comments Tue, 16 Aug 2016 05:12:30 +0000 http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/?p=724 Precision Oncology is a personalised approach to treating cancer based on a patient’s individual genetic blueprint. Unlike traditional methods that treat cancer by disease type, precision medicine targets the “achilles heel” of the tumour by looking at specific cancer associated genes in cells or the genetic drivers that cause cancer. Specialised therapies are drafted to pinpoint and destroy the specific genetic abnormalities and mutations in a patient’s tumour, while sparing normal cells.

Genomic sequencing, a process used to determine the genetic blueprint of a patient’s cancer is used in precision oncology. The traditional methods of cancer treatment have some drawbacks

  • Limited knowledge on which treatment is going to work on heterogeneous tumours
  • Inaccessible tumours
  • Therapy failures
  • Diagnosis of early recurrence and prediction of recurrence

With precision oncology our physicians will plan therapy based on accurate diagnosis, including molecular genetics, Reduced toxicity, real-time monitoring during the treatment, personalization of chemo agents and offering the best drug combinations.

precision oncology Who is eligible for precise medicine?

The oncology team at Apollo will determine whether precise medicine is a viable option by reviewing the patient’s medical history, imaging scans, lab tests and treatment history. It is most often recommended to cancer patients who

  • Have active cancer that has failed standard treatment
  • Have a high risk of relapse or progression
  • Spend 50 percent or more of the day mobile and out of bed

What cancers can be treated with precise medicine?

We offer genomic sequencing for most liquid and solid cancers that have not responded to treatment. Some examples include:

  • Abdominal cancers like pancreatic, appendices and stomach canceroncology
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Head and Neck Cancer
  • Leukaemia
  • Lung cancer not successfully resected by surgery
  • Melanoma
  • Metastatic breast cancer
  • Metastatic colon cancer
  • Metastatic prostate cancer
  • Ovarian cancer

Genomic sequencing is not offered to cancers that are responding to the current therapy. Do note that precision medicine is an effective alternative to standard chemotherapy for many patients, but it is not necessarily a cure. Our goal is to select the most appropriate therapy for your individual cancer so that you can enjoy improved health and a longer, better life.

Cancer maybe a ruthless disease. But Precision Oncology is here to revolutionise the way we diagnose, monitor and treat cancer. Unlike traditional practices, precision oncology diagnosis cancer from a genetic level. This makes diagnosis far more precise and comprehensive. Different elements of precision oncology apply to different tumours. Your doctor is the best to decide the course of treatment. Want to know more about Precision Oncology? Visit Apollo Edoc to book an appointment with the best oncologists in the city.

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Breast Milk – The Best Food Your Child Can Get http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/healthy-living/breast-milk-the-best-food-your-child-can-get/ http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/healthy-living/breast-milk-the-best-food-your-child-can-get/#comments Tue, 02 Aug 2016 05:52:20 +0000 http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/?p=711 Caring for and nurturing a newborn baby is overwhelming. It is the initial nourishment and care that determines the overall health of a baby. The very first and the most important step of infant care is breastfeeding. Breast milk is considered as the magic potion that is enriched with disease-fighting substances that are essential so a baby’s immune becomes strong. It is most suitable for newborns and its benefits extend well beyond the basic nutrition that a baby needs.

Breast milk contains all the necessary vitamins and nutrients that a baby needs and mothers are advised to breastfeed their newborns for at least six months. A baby needs its first feed within a few hours of its arrival. This feed is considered as the most important feed for the sustenance of a baby.

Breast Milk for the Baby’s Health

Pediatricians and child care specialists recommend that an infant should receive exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months. This is because of the numerous benefits of breast milk. Some of these benefits are:

  • Breast milk has all the essential nutrients in proper proportions.img 01
  • Breast milk is capable of protecting against sickness, allergies, and obesity.
  • It protects against infections.
  • Breast milk is easily digested and does not cause constipation, diarrhea or stomach upset.
  • Babies who are breastfed have enhanced IQ.
  • Healthier weights.
  • Breast milk is readily available wherever the baby needs it.
  • Mothers don’t have to worry about its temperature. Breast milk always has the right temperature.
  • It is clean.
  • Mothers don’t have to worry about the bottles to clean.

The best thing about breast milk is that it constantly changes to meet the needs of a baby. A mother’s milk changes in volume and composition depending on the time of day, age of the baby and nursing frequency, in order to promote healthy growth. This makes breast milk perfect for your baby.

Breast Milk: Always Ready, Always Available

  • Breast milk is readily available wherever the baby needs it.
  • Mothers don’t have to worry about its temperature. Breast milk always has the right temperature.
  • It is clean.

Mothers don’t have to worry about the bottles to clean.

While it is essential for infants, breastfeeding is also good for mothers. Mothers who breastfeed have:

  • Reduced risk of Type 2 Diabetes
  • They are less likely to get certain cancers
  • It is easier for them to return to their previous weight
  • Breastfeeding strengthen the bond of a mother and child

Apart from this, breastfeeding mothers also have reduced stress levels and their risk of postpartum depression is also less. Research has proved that women who don’t breastfeed or those who have stopped breastfeeding very early are at a greater risk of developing postpartum depression. Nursing triggers the release of a hormone called oxytocin. This hormone makes women feel more relaxed while breastfeeding.

The first week of August is celebrated as World Breastfeeding Week. Different organizations from more than 120 countries come up with novel ideas to spread awareness about the importance of breastfeeding. WBW unites moms across the globe in achieving global sustainability goals.

Are you a new mother having doubts about child care? Leave your concerns at our doorstep, and enter Apollo. Our team of childcare specialists are well capable of handling all aspects of childcare. Our team includes surgeons, pediatric neonatologists and nutritionists. Apollo group of hospitals offers excellent pediatric care that is powered by latest technological and medical advances. The health care major has made it easy to book appointments with it online portal called Apollo eDoc. Log on to find the most efficient professionals in your city.

Apollo Hospitals Comprehensive Care Banner

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World Hepatitis Day http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/liver-care/world-hepatitis-day/ http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/liver-care/world-hepatitis-day/#comments Tue, 26 Jul 2016 12:19:01 +0000 http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/?p=700 World Hepatitis Day is observed on 28th July in the memory and respect of Dr. Baruch Samuel Blumberg, person who identified Hepatitis B Virus and later developed its diagnostic test and vaccine.

The aim of observing this day is to raise global awareness of Hepatitis and encourage prevention, diagnosis and treatment.

Theme of World Hepatitis day in 2016 is Elimination by 2030.

How do we Achieve this – 3 important steps

1 – Prevention
2 – Diagnosis
3 – Counselling positive patients
4 – Treatment

1. Prevention

  • Educating the public and health care workers about these viruses and their modes of spread and ill effects caused by these viruses.
  • Awareness campaigns to be done continuously .
  • Vaccinations are available for Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B.
  • Encourage everyone to get vaccinated for Hepatitis B.
  • Hepatitis A vaccination for special population.

2. Diagnosis

  • All viral Hepatitis can be diagnosed by simple blood tests.
  • Voluntary testing should be encouraged for Hep B and Hep C.
  • Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C doesn’t cause any symptoms, hence every individual should be screened for these viruses to identify the existing patient population.

3. Counselling

  • All patients with these chronic viruses should be counselled regarding the modes of spread and ill effects of these viruses if untreated.

4. Treatment

  • Hepatitis A and Hepatitis E doesn’t need any specific therapy most of the time.
  • Hepatitis B is a treatable disease and identifying patients who need treatment should be done by a hepatologist. all patients with Hepatitis should be under regular followup with a hepatologist.
  • Hepatitis C is the only chronic virus which can be cured. with the availability of new antiviral drugs, the cure rates have increased to 95 – 99%.
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Get more from Life with Age Management http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/top-slider/get-more-from-life-with-age-management/ http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/top-slider/get-more-from-life-with-age-management/#comments Mon, 25 Jul 2016 13:32:53 +0000 http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/?p=680 Show me one person who is not willing to look younger and prettier than they are and I will show you a flying unicorn. To look good is a universal desire. In this blog, I am going to suggest a few tips to make you look younger at an individual level and suggest medical alternatives available for it.

Healthy people look good. So taking care of your health, like diet and exercise are of primary importance. In diet, having adequate amount of vitamin E, C and A will protect your skin. Nutritional supplements like primrose oil,fish oil are very helpful. Adequate sleep, varying from six to eight hours is a must. A healthy, well rested individual has a positive glow on the face and skin.

From diet we move on to surface applications on face. Using a proper soap without a strong detergent is a first step. Using lukewarm water compared to hot water (which denatures skin proteins and makes the skin appear dry) is important. In dry skin using a good moisturizer helps in improving the skin appearance. Mild exfoliant, like 6% glycolic acid creams help in both removing the dead layers of skin and moisturizing the skin at the same time. A good sunscreen lotion with an SPF of 30 will help prevent tan while you are out in sun.

These are some useful tips to follow when applying sunscreen lotion.

  1. It should be applied at least 20 minutes before exposing the skin to the sun.
  1. Thickness of the cream should be 1mm.
  1. If you are exposed to more than 4 hours to the sun or if you are close to water body which reflects uv light, a repeat application is necessary.
  1. It is suggested to think that you get only half of protection as on the foil i.e., if mentioned SPF is 30, think it is 15. That way your usage will be more accurate.

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Mild pigmentation on the face can be treated with depigmenting agents. Peels and lasers have a role to play here but They have to be used under medical supervision. Chemical peels will help in improving the skin texture, remove pigmentation and tighten skin to a small extent.

 

Signs of early aging, like deepening of nasal grooves, marionette lines and frown lines (valleys and folds) can be easily corrected by judicious use of soft tissue fillers and neurotoxins like Botox. The valleys are filled by fillers and the hyperactive muscles are neutralized by neurotoxins. In combination, they can easily make someone look a decade younger.

Imahe 02

When aging effects are a little more advanced, more aggressive interventions are necessary. Thread lifts, out patient procedures use absorbable threads to lift sagging tissue under the guidance of local anesthetic. They are useful in early and limited laxity of tissues. The effect lasts one to two years.

In more advanced stages of tissue laxity, various forms of surgery is necessary. Nowadays endoscopic brow lift is very useful in lifting the upper face and forehead. For mid face like jowls, deep groove on the side of nose and marionette lines, a mid face lift corrects all these stigma of aging. If neck and face are sagging, a MAC lift of the face is necessary. It is a minimal access facelift which ideally suits our kind of skin and produces minimal scarring. All surgical procedures involve some time to completely settle, but the effect is much more long lasting.

So if one wants to improve their looks,start first with a disciplined life style. As the ravages of age become more apparent various modalities are available to reverse the sequelae. Surgery offers lasting solution, whereas non surgical methods will often have results of shorter duration with less downtime.

Article by Dr. Sudhakar Prasad – Best Plastic & Cosmetic Surgeon in Hyderabad.

Dr Sudhakar Prasad - Plastic & Cosmetic Surgeon

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What To Eat When You Have Inflammatory Bowel Disease? http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/liver-care/what-to-eat-when-you-have-inflammatory-bowel-disease/ http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/liver-care/what-to-eat-when-you-have-inflammatory-bowel-disease/#comments Tue, 28 Jun 2016 12:37:44 +0000 http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/?p=668 Inflammatory bowel disease(IBD) is a group of chronic inflammations that affects all or part of your digestive tract. Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are the principal types of inflammatory bowel disease. Crohn’s disease can affect the small intestine, large intestine, mouth, esophagus, stomach and anus whereas ulcerative colitis primarily affects the colon and the rectum. Both usually involve severe diarrhea, pain, fatigue and weight loss.

Due to this, many people believe that Inflammatory bowel disease arises due to lack of proper diet. These concerns are extremely popular, and appropriate. Patients often believe that their disease is caused by and can be cured by diet. However, this is not true and there is no scientific or clinical data to prove this claim.

Diet can certainly affect symptoms of IBD, and may play some role in the underlying inflammatory process, but there is no evidence that anything in your diet history caused or contributed to IBD. Once you have IBD, however, pay special attention to what you eat as this will help in reducing symptoms and promoting healing.  A good nutritional diet promotes overall well-being and helps in the process of healing. Make note that a healthy diet can help you maintain good nutritional status and effectively manage symptoms, medications are recommended to effectively treat IBD. People with IBD should have a well-balanced diet with a lot of variety.

Well balanced, nutritious diet consists of:

  1. 8-10 glasses of water a day to prevent dehydration
  2. Carbohydrates with more soluble fiber
  3. Proteins like lean meats, fish, eggs, nuts and poultry
  4. Healthy fats like omega-3 fatty acids and olive oil
  5. Deeply colored (skinless and seedless) fruits and cooked vegetables
  6. Vitamin and mineral supplements, if your doctor approves
  7. Dairy/calcium (dairy substitute if you’re lactose intolerant)

There are certain foods that can help you stay well-nourished without aggravating symptoms. Here is a list of foods that should be easy on your digestion. Please note that right diet is highly individual.

Best Foods for Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Best Foods for Inflammatory Bowel Disease

  • Almond milk
  • Egg
  • Oatmeal
  • Vegetable soups
  • Salmon
  • Papaya
  • Pureed beans
  • Poultry
  • Avocado
  • Butter lettuce

Along with what to eat, it also important to note what not to eat when you have IBD. The following are the foods you must avoid.

Food to avoid

  • Your trigger food(food that have caused you trouble before)
  • Certain high-fiber food
  • Nuts, seeds and popcorn
  • High fat food
  • Caffeine
  • Alcohol
  • Spicy food
  • Dairy products as tolerated
  • Prunes
  • Large food portions

Talk to your doctor or dietician to learn more about the link between food and IBD. Together, design a meal plan that meets your nutritional needs and helps you manage IBD. For further details,

Consult a Gastroenterologist with Apollo Edoc

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Brain Tumour: Signs and Symptoms http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/healthy-living/brain-tumour-signs-and-symptoms/ http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/healthy-living/brain-tumour-signs-and-symptoms/#comments Tue, 28 Jun 2016 12:30:14 +0000 http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/?p=669 Is It a Brain Tumor?

It all starts with a headache. There is nobody who did not have a headache till now. It is one of the most common aches a person has. In fact, there are numerous types of headaches. But, do you have a headache along with worries, and anxiety? Do you check the internet for diseases with your symptoms? Then, you do have brain tumor!

Calm down, It is just a joke. The serious aspect of it is that half knowledge that is derived from the internet is dangerous. It has become a trigger of anxiety for many. It is always good to know about your body and good to know about medical conditions. But, for God’s sake, please do not jump to conclusions that you have a particular disease.

It is better to consult a doctor apart from satiating your need for medical knowledge. Anxiety is a major cause for many ailments! Please cure yourself of that acidic feeling of anxiety.

So, before jumping to any rash conclusion, know more about what headaches are and when that could be a manifestation of a brain tumor.

What is a Headache?

Actually, the brain does not feel any pain! The surrounding tissues, brain chemicals and the blood vessels and nerves produce the sensation of pain.

Types of Headaches:

  • Rebound Headaches.
  • Tension Headaches.
  • Dental Headaches.
  • Cluster Headache.
  • Migraine.
  • Caffeine Headaches.
  • Orgasm Headaches.
  • Early morning Headaches.
  • Sinus Headaches.
  • Ice cream Headaches.
  • Chronic daily Headaches.
  • Menstrual Headaches.
  • Weekend Headaches.
  • Emergency Headaches.

All these kinds of headaches can pose another headache! What is the source of your headache? Though every one of us has headaches, it is crucial that one can distinguish a harmless irritant versus a dangerous condition called brain tumor.

What is a Brain Tumor - Apollo Edoc

What is a Brain Tumor?

It is a mass of abnormal cells in the brain. It can form in any lobe of the brain. There are two kinds of brain tumor, the benign and the malignant. They can occur at any age. There are four grades of brain tumor, and the higher the grade, the more aggressive the tumor is. The most common types of brain tumours are astrocytoma, meningioma, oligodendroglia, medulloblastoma, ependymoma, and brain stem glioma.

Primary Brain Tumour:

A primary brain tumour is that which originates in the brain. This can either be benign or metastatic.

Secondary Brain Tumour:

A secondary brain tumor originates in some other part of the body and sends cells to the brain and they grow there, then that is called a secondary brain tumor. These are cancerous.     Benign brain tumors normally have definite borders, and are not rooted deep in the brain tissue. Benign tumors also pose serious threats as they damage the cells around them and cause inflammation.

What does a tumor do?

  • It invades and destroys the brain tissue.
  • It puts pressure on the nearby cells and causes inflammation.
  • It increases intracranial pressure.
  • Induces fluid accumulation.
  • Causes bleeding.
  • Stops circulation of cerebrospinal fluid.

Symptoms of Brain Tumor:

Symptoms vary from person to person and depend upon the location of the tumor. Here is a list of symptoms that are felt by patients having brain tumor.

  • Frequent Headaches.
  • Seizures.
  • Mood Changes.
  • Personality Changes.
  • Reduced Ability to think.
  • Loss of Appetite.
  • Vomiting.
  • Decreased ability to learn.
  • Difficulty in speaking and walking.
  • Loss of sensation in the extremities.
  • Vertigo.
  • Blurred or double vision.
  • Hearing Problem.

It is very important to get a medical evaluation immediately if you experience any of these symptoms. You need to consult a neurologist or a neurosurgeon immediately.

There are other conditions that mimic the symptoms of brain tumor. Pseudotumor Cerebri is one of them. It is also called false brain tumor. This condition manifests in the form of increased intracranial pressure, which might be due to lack of absorption of cerebrospinal fluid. Causes of pseudotumor cerebri range from obesity to treatment for other diseases.

It is for this reason that a thorough medical examination is very important.

Treatment for Brain Tumor

  • Surgery.
  • Radiation Therapy.
  • Chemotherapy. 

Brain Tumor Survival Rate

The survival rates of patients vary with the size, location, and the type of the tumor. Survival rates are generally measured in terms of the survival of the patients for five years after the diagnosis. Between the ages of 45 to 64 years, the survival rate percentage is 16%. The survival rate percentage for children is 55% . The survival rate percentage for people of the ages 15 to 45 years is also 55%.

Early diagnosis is a very important aspect in recovery. Constant follow up is also a major aspect of care and management as brain tumor is known to recur.

Apollo Hospitals has one of the best neurosurgeons of the country. You can now consult them online for a follow up or for a second medical opinion.  Book your appointment for online consultation here.

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Donate Blood, Donate Life. http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/healthy-living/donate-blood-donate-life/ http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/healthy-living/donate-blood-donate-life/#comments Wed, 15 Jun 2016 08:56:51 +0000 http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/?p=656 3 million units. That is the amount of blood shortage in our country according to a World Health Organization report. With a population of 1.2 billion, it is a shame that India can’t reach it’s annual blood requirement of 12 million blood units, being able to collect only 9 million units per year. Lack of awareness, incorrect information about blood donations and myths surrounding it have contributed to the shortage of blood. But, this has not stopped enthusiasts of blood donation, some of them even dedicating their lives for the cause. One of such people is R.K. Patham.

kk

R.K. Patham has donated blood countless number of times since his college days. He says that he doesn’t like to keep count of number of times he has donated blood. He made his first blood donation when he was in college, mostly because most of his friends were doing it and they were promised to get free drinks and fruits. He didn’t know the seriousness nor the impact he was creating by donating blood until a personal tragedy made him realize it’s value.

After his graduation from University of Madras in Economics, Patham started working for a firm in New Delhi as Accounts Executive. One day, he got a call from Madras stating that his father’s health has deteriorated and he should rush to Madras immediately. This was back in 1990 and he couldn’t afford to book a flight back home. He explained the situation to his Manager and although he was a cooperative and understanding person, he couldn’t help him to fly either. But, he made sure Patham got on Tamil Nadu express that very night.

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Patham reached the hospital in the morning of the second next day to find his father in the coronary disease ward. Patham was finally relieved to see his father but his father was concerned, not for his health but for the patient next to him. This patient needed Ove blood and his operation was getting postponed due to the unavailability of blood. Patham’s father asked him to go have breakfast, come back and donate blood as his blood group was also Ove. Patham was shocked to hear his father’s request. He was in no mood to leave his father’s side, let alone go and have breakfast. But, his father looked at him with teary eyes and insisted him to do it. Having no heart to disobey his father, Patham reluctantly went and donated blood. By the time he came back, his father had passed away.

Patham realized that his father’s last wish was him to donate blood and that no person should die because of blood shortage. Since then, Patham made sure he donated blood regularly on his birthday, his wife’s birthday, his children’s birthday and of course his father’s birthday and death anniversary. His contribution towards Indian Red Cross is also beyond blood donation. He has helped in computerizing the national headquarters of Indian Red Cross with the help of his own organization, Safe Blood.

In his experience of more than 15 years, Patham has come across all kinds of excuses people find to not donate blood such as I have to ask my mom, I would be too weak to drive back, I am afraid of the needles and so forth. “It amazes me that in a country of 1.2 billion population, we still fall short of annual blood requirements even though blood is something that doesn’t cost you anything and would replenish in 3 hours. It’s important to raise awareness regarding this issue as donated blood lasts only for 35 to 42 days. There is a constant need to replenish the stock and this can be achieved only by voluntary blood donation.” says R.K. Pathamm

blood donation

Every year, the world observes 14th June as Blood Donor Day in order to raise awareness of the need for safe blood and to thank blood donors for their voluntary gift of blood. WHO announced that this year’s theme is “Blood Connects us all” to encourage more voluntary blood donation.

We at Apollo Hospitals are also doing our bit for the cause. Blood Connections by Apollo Hospitals is a social network that brings together blood donors and recipients. You could search for blood donors in any location and message or email them directly. You could even tweet them or message them directly on facebook for an emergency request of blood. You can add friends just like any other social network and search for blood donors among friends and friends of friends. For any other health queries or for general consultation you can always go for a home care appointment request or book an appointment online with Apollo edoc.

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About Colorectal Cancer! http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/cancer-care/about-colorectal-cancer/ http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/cancer-care/about-colorectal-cancer/#comments Wed, 01 Jun 2016 11:42:15 +0000 http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/?p=651 Ignorance is bliss. What you don’t know cannot hurt you is the meaning of this famous proverb. This may be true to life in general but unfortunately this is completely opposite in case of Cancer. If you are diagnosed at an early stage of cancer, the chances of your survival are very high. Today, we’ll learn everything about colorectal cancer, the third most common type of cancer behind Lung cancer and Breast cancer.

Colorectal Cancer is the development of cancer at colon, rectum or parts of large intestine. It often starts as the development of small, non cancerous clumps of cells called adenomatous polyps. Overtime, some of these polyps become large and develop as colon cancer.

Symptoms:

Signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer include:

  • Change in bowel habits like diarrhea, constipation or a change in the consistency of stool.
  • Blood in the stool.
  • Persistent gas, cramps or pain in abdomen.
  • Loss of Appetite.
  • Loss of Weight.
  • Weakness or Fatigue.

Causes:

Most colorectal cancer are caused due to lifestyle factors and increasing age. Only a small number of cases are related to genetic disorders. Most common causes are:

  • Food high in fat and low in fiber diet
  • Older age (50+)
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Red and processed meat
  • Lack of physical activity

Some of the Inherited gene mutations also increase the risk of colon cancer although these genes are linked to only a small percentage of colon cancer cases. Most common gene mutations that have a high chance of developing colon cancer are:

Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC)​ also called Lynch syndrome, increases the risk of colon cancer and other cancers. People with HNPCC tend to develop colon cancer before age 50.

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) FAP is a rare disorder that causes you to develop thousands of polyps in the lining of your colon and rectum. People with untreated FAP have a greatly increased risk of developing colon cancer before age 40.


Diagnosis:

It is difficult to diagnose colorectal cancer at its early stage. Polyps may be small and produce little to no symptoms. For this reason, doctors recommend regular screening tests to identify and remove polyps in early stage before they develop and turn into colorectal cancer.

Stages:

Once you’ve been diagnosed with colon cancer, doctors suggest some tests to determine the stage of the colon. Knowing the stage of the cancer helps in determining what treatment is appropriate for you and the treatment plan to be followed.

The stages of colon cancer are:

  • Stage I: ​Your cancer has grown through the superficial lining (mucosa) of the colon or rectum but hasn’t spread beyond the colon wall or rectum.
  • Stage II:​Your cancer has grown into or through the wall of the colon or rectum but hasn’t spread to nearby lymph nodes.
  • Stage III:​Your cancer has invaded nearby lymph nodes but isn’t affecting other parts of your body yet.
  • Stage IV:​Your cancer has spread to distant sites, such as other organs — for instance, to your liver or lung.

Treatment:

Treatment for colorectal cancer, or any cancer for that matter, largely depends on the stage of your cancer. The three primary treatment options are:

  • For early stage colorectal cancer, Surgeries such as Endoscopic mucosal resection and Minimally invasive surgery are performed.
  • If the cancer has grown into or through your colon, surgeries such as partial colectomy and lymph node removal are advised.
  • If your cancer is very advanced, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are recommended. This isn’t done to cure cancer but instead to relieve signs and symptoms such as bleeding and pain.

The Institute of Colorectal Surgery at Apollo is well ­equipped with the most advanced technology including Robotic and Laparoscopic for the treatment of all abdominal colorectal procedures and performs more than 1,200 colorectal surgeries each year. We are among one of the first dedicated centres for Anorectal Diseases in India providing state­of­the­art treatments in Proctology, Pelvic Floor Diseases, and Laparoscopic & Robotic Colorectal Surgery for Colorectal Cancer. For further details you can consult our doctors.

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Quit Smoking! http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/healthy-living/quit-smoking/ http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/healthy-living/quit-smoking/#comments Tue, 31 May 2016 11:49:57 +0000 http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/?p=644 What do you call a person who kills himself slowly over a long period of time? A psychopath? No, you call him a smoker. “Smoking is injurious to health.” How many times do we often see this message in our day to day life. Being a smoker myself, I have to tell you I see it a lot. My name is Anand and I am going to share my story of being a smoker and how I got rid of it. It does pain me for a moment when I see it on the pack of cigarettes when I am about to light. It makes me question my conscience about what I was doing with my life? Why am I giving myself a slow and painful death? But, the addiction takes over the conscience pretty quickly and I get back to lighting one up.

UntitledI’ve tried to quit smoking. I’ve tried it many times. But, it was never successful. Sometimes I went back to it in a week, sometimes a month. The truth is I became addicted to it. I have become slave to it. And no addiction is good for you, especially if it’s something that is killing you every time you take a puff. I wanted to quit but I couldn’t.

But one fine day I took a conscious

decision for the well being of myself. I said to myself that I can’t let this keep on going. I have to stop it. That fine day was No Tobacco Day around 2 years ago. No Tobacco Day urges you to stop smoking for just that day but the awareness I got from

the sessions I attended that day had a profound impact on me. I also took the help of Apollo Hospitals Smoke Cessation Clinic. Their tailor made sessions lead by a team of doctors and

counsellors has helped me stay motivated, tobacco free and avoid relapse. With the help of their support, I eventually found the will to quit smoking. On this No Tobacco Day, I urge you also take this step and say no to smoking.

Quick Facts About Tobacco

  • Tobacco is a plant and its leaves are chewed, smoked, or sniffed.
  • Tobacco contains nicotine, an addictive chemical.
  • Tobacco smoke contains over 7,000 chemicals, and 69 of them cause cancer.
  • Consuming tobacco over a long time leads to many health problems.
  • Tobacco kills about half of its users.
  • At least one in two people are exposed to secondhand smoking in India.

According to the statistics, there are about a million tobacco deaths in India each year; and despite bans on advertising, sale and smoking in public areas, it has been reported that more than one in every 3 adults in India uses some form of tobacco.

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De addiction

There may be many approaches to deal with tobacco abuse; but the treatment that encompasses strengthening of mind to quit the

habit and building a desire to lead a happy, healthy life is the best bet. Another advantage is that since there is no use of sedatives or tranquillisers, de­addiction comes naturally, without any side effects. Some of the methods followed for de addiction are:

Diet Therapy:

Increased consumption of complex carbohydrates (whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables) is suggested to increase the level of serotonin in the brain and induce a calming effect.

Hydrotherapy:

If the withdrawal symptoms make the person too anxious, a neutral bath (with water having temperature similar to body temperature) is used after a body massage, to unwind the mind and sedate the body.

Massage:

A full body massage followed by a well balanced vegetarian meal and a glass of warm milk at bedtime ensures a relaxed state of mind.

UntitledYoga Meditation:

Pranayama or controlled breathing exercises coupled with specific asanas and meditation, aid to bring the patient closer to his own self and instil strength to fight back the addiction.

If you or your near ones are suffering from any ​diseases  because of tobacco​, come to Apollo Hospitals. We employ the 5 A’s approach namely Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist and Arrange. We

involve friends and family in de addiction strategies to help the smoker in quitting process. We care for you with compassion and will help you not only in recovering from the ailment but also in quitting the habit of smoking. Apollo has always cared for your convenience first and that is the reason behind the inception of our latest ​eDoc ​portal.

Apollo eDoc is a free online service that frees you from waiting in long lines to get an appointment from a specialist doctor. Our portal helps you book an appointment with top doctors in a matter of seconds. Visit ​ Apollo eDoc ​today.

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Feeling a burning sensation in stomach? It might be IBD http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/healthy-living/feeling-a-burning-sensation-in-stomach-it-might-be-ibd/ http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/healthy-living/feeling-a-burning-sensation-in-stomach-it-might-be-ibd/#comments Mon, 30 May 2016 06:58:29 +0000 http://blog.apolloedoc.co.in/?p=640 When the doctors informed my grandfather that he was diagnosed with Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), his first reaction was that it was due to his poor diet habits and changing it would decrease or heal the disease. Even I thought it to be true but the doctor informed us that it is just a popular opinion and there is no scientific data to prove this claim.

The doctor also said that it was not only us with this opinion. Infact, most of the patients he diagnosed believe that IBD arises due to lack of proper diet. Diet can certainly affect some symptoms of IBD but there is no scientific proof that diet habits caused or contributed to IBD. However, once a patient is diagnosed with IBD, taking special care of what to eat, identifying the trigger agents and preparing a diet plan will help in reducing the symptoms and promotes healing.

Today, let’s learn about what to eat and what not to eat when you have IBD. Before that, let’s briefly discuss about what is IBD, its causes and symptoms.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic inflammations that affects all or part of your digestive tract. Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are the principal types of inflammatory bowel disease. Crohn’s disease can affect the small intestine, large intestine, mouth, esophagus, stomach and anus whereas ulcerative colitis primarily affects the colon and the rectum.

Symptoms:

Symptoms of IBD vary depending on the severity of inflammation and where it occurs. Some of the common signs and symptoms are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Fever and Fatigue
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Blood in stool
  • Reduced Appetite
  • Weight Loss

Causes:

Many people believe that IBD is caused due to lack of proper diet and stress. However, there is no scientific or clinical data to prove this claim. Doctors have confirmed that improper diet and stress will aggravate but don’t cause IBD. Immune system malfunction might be one of the causes. But, the exact cause of IBD remains unknown.

What to eat:

There are certain foods that can help you stay well­nourished without aggravating symptoms. Here is a list of foods that should be easy on your digestion.

  • Almond milk
  • Eggs
  • Oatmeal
  • Vegetable soups
  • Papaya
  • Pureed beans

What not to eat:

  • Your trigger food(food that have caused you trouble before)
  • Certain high­fiber food
  • Nuts, seeds and popcorn
  • High fat food
  • Spicy food
  • Caffeine and Alcohol

Each person has his own trigger agents that causes the symptoms to aggravate. ​

Consult our team of ​ Gastroenterologists​ at Apollo who are trained and practised in the premier institutes across the world and have more than 15 years of experience in this field. Our endoscopy unit comprises of 6 endoscopy theatres with fully equipped state of the art modern endoscopy machines and accessories. We have dedicated speciality clinics for IBD and IBS treatment. For further details, you can now​ book appointment online through Apollo Edoc ​which will ensure zero waiting time.

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